General WritingResearch and CitationTeaching and TutoringSubject-Specific WritingJob Search WritingESL
OWL at Purdue Logo

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Anonymous Paraphrasing

Summary:

These resources provide lesson plans and handouts for teachers interested in teaching students how to avoid plagiarism. The resources ask students to practice summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. The resources with titles that include "Handout" provide handouts that are free to print for your students by using the print option in your web browser. The "Handout" resources correspond with the resource listed above it.

Contributors:Cristyn Elder, Ehren Pflugfelder, Elizabeth Angeli
Last Edited: 2010-11-18 02:27:56

Time Estimate

45 minutes


Objective

 To have students practice creating paraphrases


Materials

 Class blackboard or overhead with transparencies


Computer Lab Option and Follow-up Option Materials

Digital projector

Word processing software


Procedures
  1. Begin by giving students a short lesson on how to write a useful, non-patchwritten paraphrase. Suggestions include useful note-taking.  See Paraphrase handout for details.

  2. Have students read a short passage – select one – (see Paraphrase or Summary handouts), take notes on that passage, and then work to create a paraphrase of that passage on another sheet of paper.

  3. Ask students to then anonymously put their paraphrases into a pile so that the instructor can choose several at random and copy them either onto an overhead or onto the blackboard.  Several students can be enlisted to help the instructor put sentences on the blackboard. Alternatively, have students write their paraphrases on a transparency that can then be easily projected.

  4. Finally, help students evaluate the posted paraphrases, looking for accurate paraphrases that do not lose the original meaning and for paraphrases that are “too similar” to the original language.

 

Computer Lab Option

 The instructor can email the handout to students and the students can type out their notes and paraphrases on a word processing document.

Instead of using the blackboard or an overhead projector, use the instructor’s computer with the digital projector; students can email their documents to the instructor (or post their summaries anonymously to proprietary classroom management software like Blackboard).  If the instructor cuts and pastes paraphrases into a word processing document, s/he can compare the original and the students’ versions side by side.  Additionally, the instructor can highlight passages that are “too similar” in a particular color, emphasizing the similarity. 


Follow-Up Option

Time Estimate

30 minutes


Materials

The anonymous paraphrases from the Anonymous Paraphrasing exercise; the Paraphrase handout


Computer Lab Option Materials

Digital projector


Procedures
  1. Distribute the student paraphrases from the last Anonymous Paraphrasing exercise and ask students to repeat the same action -- writing another paraphrase of the paraphrase they have in front of them.  Essentially, students are paraphrasing a paraphrase, which should be somewhat difficult.  Give them some extra time to take notes, like last time, and write a new paraphrase. (15 minutes)

  2. Like the previous exercise, collect the anonymous paraphrases and compare them to the original, now twice-removed.  The meaning should be roughly the same.  The comparisons will likely take longer this time as well. (15 minutes)


Computer Lab Option

Like the previous exercise, use the instructor’s computer and a word processing program to compare the paraphrases.

If students are using word processing software to compose their paraphrases, they can simply leave their seat and work at another student’s computer, composing a paraphrase on another workstation.

Copyright ©1995-2014 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.