General WritingResearch and CitationTeaching and TutoringSubject-Specific WritingJob Search WritingESL
OWL at Purdue Logo

This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation in Context

Summary:

These resources provide lesson plans and handouts for teachers interested in teaching students how to avoid plagiarism. The resources ask students to practice summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting. The resources with titles that include "Handout" provide handouts that are free to print for your students by using the print option in your web browser. The "Handout" resources correspond with the resource listed above it.

Contributors:Cristyn Elder, Ehren Pflugfelder, Elizabeth Angeli
Last Edited: 2010-11-18 02:32:41

Time Estimate

35 minutes


Objective

To have students gain experience reading for and working with summaries, paraphrases, and quotations in context.


Materials

Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation handout


Computer Lab Option Materials

Word processing program

Digital projector


Procedures

This lesson works best when used after other lessons on summary, paraphrase, or quotation.

  1. Pass out the “Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation in Context" handout and give students enough time to locate any of the potential issues related to summaries, paraphrases, or quotations. Encourage students to both locate and identify a way to revise each of the issues. (15 - 20 minutes)

  2. Go through the essay with the class, focusing on the summary, paraphrase, and citation issues; try to avoid commenting on some of the other writing and mechanical concerns. (15 minutes)

    There are a number of issues including the following:

    • Summarized sections appear to be summarized hastily and without appropriate citation

    • Paraphrased sections may include language that is not the writer’s own and may not be correctly cited

    • Quotations are not set up appropriately

    • There is an incorrect application of a set citation style, missing citations, and an incorrect Works Cited page

    Students will likely pick up on the citation problems but are less likely to locate the summary and paraphrase problems because they only see the result of the finished summary or paraphrase. For these sections, look for jargon or keywords that stand out from the other sections of the writer’s essay.

Computer Lab Option

Using the instructor’s computer and the digital projector, project the essay during discussion and highlight/comment upon the passages students select. Students can also work on the essay within a word processing program by commenting on copies that have been emailed to them.

Copyright ©1995-2014 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.