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Audiovisual Recordings and Other Multimedia

Summary:

This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the seventeenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in 2017.

Contributors: Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee, Ryan Murphy, Vanessa Iacocca
Last Edited: 2017-11-08 10:16:19

This resource explains how to cite film, television, and other audiovisual materials. Citations for such recorded media usually include some or all of the following information: name of the person primarily responsible for the content of the recording (composer, writer, performer, etc.), a title in quotation marks or italics, recording company or publisher’s name, identifying number, an indication of medium (DVD, videocassette, etc.), and a copyright and/or production or performance date. Entries for recorded material found online should also include a DOI or URL.

General Model for Citing Film, Television, and Other Recorded Mediums in Chicago Style

The order of the elements listed—and whether or not they will be included—depends not only on the nature of the source, but also whether a part or the whole source is cited, and whether a particular contributor is the focus of the citation.

 Footnote or Endnote (N):

   1. Firstname Lastname, Title of Work, Format, directed/performed by Firstname Lastname (Original release year; City: Studio/Distributor, Video release year), Medium.

Corresponding Bibliographical Entry (B):

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Work. Format. Directed/Performed by Firstname Lastname. Original Release Year. City: Studio/Distributor, Video release year. Medium.

DVD

N:

   1. Joe Versus the Volcano, directed by John Patrick Shanley (1990; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2002), DVD.

B:

Shanley, John Patrick, dir. Joe Versus the Volcano. 1990; Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2002. DVD.

Musical Recordings

General audiovisual guidelines apply to music recordings. If no date can be located, CMOS recommends consulting a library catalog or other source. Usually, musical citations without a date are unacceptable, but if they must be used, “n.d.” (for no date) can be substituted.

N:

   1. Name of group or composer or performer, Title, Recording date, Recording Company or Publisher, Track Number on Name of Album, Year of Release, Medium.
1.  Bob Dylan, “Workingman’s Blues #2,” recorded February 2006, track 3 on Modern Times, Columbia. compact disc.

B:

Name of group or composer or performer. Title. Recording date. Recording Company or Publisher, Medium.

Dylan, Bob. “Workingman’s Blues #2.” Recorded February 2006. Track 3 on Modern Times. Columbia. Compact disc. 

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