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General Format

Summary:

This section contains information on The Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the sixteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September 2010.

Contributors:Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, Allen Brizee
Last Edited: 2013-04-03 12:04:19

Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in CMS.

To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation style, including a chart of all CMS citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.

General CMS Guidelines

Major Paper Sections

Title Page

Main Body
References
This image shows a references page in CMS.

Image Caption: CMS References Page

 
Footnotes

For more information on footnotes, please see CMS NB Sample Paper.

Headings

Chicago has an optional system of five heading levels.

Chicago Headings  

Level

Format

1

Centered, Boldface or Italic Type, Headline-style Capitalization 

2

Centered, Regular Type, Headline-style Capitalization

3

Flush Left, Boldface or Italic Type, Headline-style Capitalization  

4

Flush left, roman type, sentence-style capitalization

5

Run in at beginning of paragraph (no blank line after), boldface or italic type, sentence-style capitalization, terminal period.

Here is an example of the five-level heading system:

This image shows the levels of heading in a CMS paper.

Image Caption: CMS Headings

 

Tables and Figures

How to Cite the Purdue OWL in CMS

Contributors’ names and the last edited date can be found in the orange boxes at the top of every page on the OWL.

Footnote or Endnote (N):

    1. Contributors’ Names, “Title of Resource,” List the OWL as Publishing Organization/Web Site Name in Italics, last edited date, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/13/.
    1. Jessica Clements, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, and Allen Brizee. “General Format,” The Purdue OWL, October 12, 2011, http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/13/.

Corresponding Bibliographical Entry (B):

Name, Contributor 1, Contributor 2 Name, and Contributor 3    (etc.) Name. “Title of Resource.”

List the OWL as Publishing Organization/Web Site Name in  Italics. Last edited date. http://Web address for OWL resource.

 

Clements, Jessica, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, and Allen Brizee. “General Format.” The Purdue OWL. October 12, 2011. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/13/.

Author Date In-text Citation:

(Contributors’ Surnames year of publication, page or section number when available).
(Clements et al. 2011).

Author Date References Page Citation:

Name, Contributor 1, Contributor 2 Name, and Contributor 3 Name. Year of Publication. “Title of Resource.” List the OWL as Publishing Organization/Web Site Name in Italics, Month and date last edited. http://Web address for OWL resource.

Clements, Jessica, Elizabeth Angeli, Karen Schiller, S. C. Gooch, Laurie Pinkert, and Allen Brizee. 2011. “General Format.” The Purdue OWL, October 12. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/717/13/

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