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Sentence Types

Summary:

This resource presents methods for adding sentence variety and complexity to writing that may sound repetitive or boring. Sections are divided into general tips for varying structure, a discussion of sentence types, and specific parts of speech which can aid in sentence variety.

Contributors:Ryan Weber, Allen Brizee
Last Edited: 2010-04-17 05:36:45

Structurally, English sentences can be classified four different ways, though there are endless constructions of each. The classifications are based on the number of independent and dependent clauses a sentence contains. An independent clause forms a complete sentence on its own, while a dependent clause needs another clause to make a complete sentence. By learning these types, writers can add complexity and variation to their sentences.

Simple sentence: A sentence with one independent clause and no dependent clauses.

Compound Sentence: A sentence with multiple independent clauses but no dependent clauses.

Complex Sentence: A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause.

Complex-Compound Sentence: A sentence with multiple independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

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