These resources provide guidance on how to cite sources using American Medical Association (AMA) Style, 10th Ed., including examples for print and electronic sources.
Contributors: Ashley Velázquez
Last Edited: 2016-10-25 12:40:07
Reference to Print Journals
All references to print journals should include the following elements:
- Author’s surnames and initials
- Title of article and subtitle (as applicable)
- Abbreviated name of journal
- Volume number
- Issue number
- Part or supplement number, when pertinent
- Inclusive page numbers
Names of journals are abbreviated and italicized (Medical Education becomes Med Educ as in example 3 below- see the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus) while digits from inclusive page numbers do not omit digits from inclusive page numbers. The year of the publication is followed by a semicolon; the volume number and the issue number (in parentheses), followed by a colon; the initial page number, a hyphen, and the final page number, followed by a period, are set without spaces.
Materials with Named Authors and Group Name
References may occur to material that is prepared by a committee or other group. The following forms should be used under such conditions:
References to Print Books
All references to print books should include the following elements:
- Authors’ surnames and first and middle initials
- Chapter title (when cited)
- Surname and first and middle initials of book authors or editors (or translators, if any)
- Title of book and subtitle, if any
- Volume number and volume title, when there is more than 1 volume
- Edition number (do not indicate first edition)
- Place of publication
- Country names must be spelled out when they appear alone.
- For U.S. States and Canadian Provinces, provide the two-letter postal abbreviation available through either the USPS or Canada Post.
- Name of publisher
- Year of copywright
- Page numbers, when specific pages are cited
When referring to an entire book, not pages or specific sections, use the following format:
References should include the last name and first and middle initials of the author(s), italicized title case format for all titles (capitalize all words except prepositions such as of, between, through), articles (such as a, the, and an), and conjunctions (such as but, and, or; however, capitalize them if they begin the title or the subtitle) the city and state of publication, the publisher, and the year of publication/creation.
1. Silverstein A, Silverstein VB, Nunn LS. Cancer. Minneapolis, MN: Twenty-First Century Books; 2006.
2. Maul-Mellott SK, Adams JN. Childhood Cancer: A Nursing Overview. Boston, MA: Jones and Bartlett; 1987.
Reference to a Chapter in a Book
Chapters from books should be capitalized in the same format as journal articles (sentence case format) and should not use quotation marks. Additionally, inclusive page numbers for the each chapter should be provided.
The title of the book, however, should be title cased and italicized, following the print book format.
A colon should follow the publication date and no space should be provided between the colon or the page number(s) and hypen.
Editors and Translators
Names of editors, translators, translator-editors, or executive, consulting, and section editors are given as follows:
If the work cited includes more than 1 volume, use arabic numerals for volume numbers, regardless of if the publisher used roman numerals.
As with the volume number, use arabic numerals to indicate an edition, even if the publisher has used roman numerals , but do not indicate a first edition. If a subsequent edition is cited, the number should be given. Abbreviate “New revised edition” as “New rev ed”; “Revised edition” as “Rev ed; “American edition” as “American ed”; and British edition” as “British ed.”
Government or Agency Bulletins
References to bulletins published by departments or agencies of a government should include the following information, in the order indicated: (1) name of author (if given); (2) title of bulletin; (3) place of publication; (4) name of issuing bureau, agency, department, or other governmental division (not that in this position, Department should be abbreviated Dept; also not that if an author supplies US Government Printing Office as the publisher, it would be preferable to obtain the name of the issuing bureau, agency, or department, if possible); (5) date of publication; (6) page numbers, if specified; (7) publication number, if any; and (8) series number if given.
2. Shupbach J, Charity E. Hundreds of Disabled Veterans to Attend Winter Sports Clinic. Washington, DC: US Dept of Veteran Affairs; 2015.
3. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 75: Management of alloimmunization during pregnancy. Bethesda, MD: The National Center for Biotechnology Information; 2006. 457-464.
Theses and Dissertations
Italicize the titles of theses and dissertations. References to theses should include the location of the university (or other institution), its name, and year of completion of thesis. If the thesis has been published, it should be treated as any other book reference.
2. MacKenzie MA. Comparing Heart Failure and Cancer Caregiver Satisfaction with Hospice Care. [dissertation]. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania; 2014.
Package inserts (the printed material about the use and effects of the product contained in the package) may be cited as follows:
2. AFLURIA [package insert]. Victoria, Australia: bioCSL; 2014.