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This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue (https://owl.english.purdue.edu/). When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom.

Contributors:Karl Stolley, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli.

This document describes the terms and conditions for linking to, reproducing, and using the materials located in the Purdue OWL, the Purdue OWL News, and the Writing Lab at Purdue sites.

Terms and Conditions of Fair Use

This site is copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & OWL at Purdue University and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. In addition, Purdue OWL pages may not be presented in frames of any kind. We are glad to make materials of all kinds available to users from all over the world. However, in order to protect our rights with regard to the materials we have created, we request that you abide by the following policies. Your use of the site and any materials contained therein will constitute your acceptance of the following terms and conditions.

Personal, Educational, and Training Use

The Purdue OWL is freely available for all educational, personal, or training purposes.

Instructions for Printing OWL Resources for Personal, Educational, and Training Use

To ensure that you are following the Fair Use Policy when using OWL resources, we ask that you follow these instructions when printing from the OWL:

  1. Go to the resource you would like to print.

  2. Scroll to the bottom of the page where you will see the "Full Resources for Printing" icon.

  3. Click the "Full Resource for Printing" icon.

Once you click on "Full Resource for Printing," a new window will open with the full resource that is printer-ready. You may print the resources from this window.

If you would like only parts of a resource, we ask that you follow these instructions rather than copying and pasting material from the OWL:

  1. Go to the resource you would like to print.

  2. Select "File" in your browser.

  3. Select "Print" from the dropdown menu.

  4. Choose a page range to print from your browser.

Using Materials: Other Commercial Uses

No commercial use of the Purdue OWL is permitted. These uses include:


Linking to the Purdue OWL

You are free to link to http://owl.english.purdue.edu without notifying us or asking permission. Links should be attributed to the Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL).

In order to help us serve OWL users better and to keep our own personal records, however, we would appreciate knowing about links to our site. Please send email to the OWL Coordinator when you link to our site, telling us what site you will be linking to us. Information about who links to our site will be kept confidential.

All links must be directly to the Purdue OWL site. You may not download materials to other sites or hard-drives for users to link to. MIRRORING OR TRANSFERRING PURDUE OWL MATERIALS TO A WEBSITE IS NOT LEGAL AND THE REQUESTING PARTY WILL NOT BE GIVEN AUTHORIZATION.

ANY PRESENTATION OF OWL MATERIALS THAT PRESENTS THEM WITH COMMERCIAL CONTENT ATTACHED OR SO THAT THEY APPEAR TO BE THE PROPERTY OR WORK OF ANOTHER IS NOT PERMITTED. Examples of such presentation would include linking within a frame that includes advertisements or linking within a frame so that The OWL Family of Sites' materials appear to be part of another site. While we recognize that there are legitimate uses for frames, we would prefer that links to OWL be unframed.

You may also provide links to the OWL by using the following QR Code: 

Purdue OWL QR Code

Contact Information

Please contact the OWL Coordinator if you need further information regarding permissions, or you may write to the OWL staff at:

OWL at Purdue Staff
Purdue University
Department of English
500 Oval Drive
West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2038

When to Contact the OWL

Please note that you only need to contact the OWL when:

Individuals wishing to print or photocopy materials for their own education or reference DO NOT need to contact us. Please read through our fair use policy before contacting us. Thank you for using our site.