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Exercise : Comma Exercise 1

Add commas as needed in the sentences below. On the line to the left of each sentence, write the number of the appropriate comma rule (click here to see the rules). If the sentence is correct as it is, write C on the line and refer to the appropriate rule in parentheses after the sentence.

_____ He left the scene of the accident and tried to forget that it had happened.

_____ Oil which is lighter than water rises to the surface.

_____ Madame de Stael was an attractive gracious lady.

_____ Nice is a word with many meanings and some of them are contradictory.

_____ The contractor testified that the house was completed and that the work had been done properly.

_____ Some people refuse to go to the zoo because of pity for creatures that must live in small cages.

_____ Taxicabs that are dirty are illegal in some cities.

_____ The closet contained worn clothes old shoes and dirty hats.

_____ The uninvited guest wore a dark blue tweed suit.

_____ After surviving this ordeal the trapper felt relieved.

_____ Mark Twain's early novels I believe stand the test of time.

_____ December 7 1941 will never be forgotten.

_____ The field was safe enough wasn't it?

_____ Write the editor of the Atlantic 8 Arlington Street Boston Massachusetts 02116.

_____ He replied "I have no idea what you mean."

_____ After a good washing and grooming the pup looked like a new dog.

_____ Because of their opposition to institutions that force creatures to live in captivity some people refuse to go to the zoo.

_____ Men who are bald are frequently the ones who are the most authoritative on the subject of baldness.

_____ Vests which were once popular have been out of vogue for several years.

_____ As a celestial goddess she regulated the course of the heavenly bodies and controlled the alternating seasons.

_____ I hope that someday he will learn how to be polite.

Answer: Comma Exercise 1

Correct answers are in bold. Incorrect answers are in italics.

__C__ He left the scene of the accident and tried to forget that it had happened.

__3__ Oil, which is lighter than water, rises to the surface.

Rule 3: Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause.

__6__ Madame de Stael was an attractive, gracious lady.

Rule 6: Use commas to separate two or more coordinate adjectives that describe the same noun. Be sure never to add an extra comma between the final adjective and the noun itself or to use commas with non-coordinate adjectives.

__1__ Nice is a word with many meanings, and some of them are contradictory.

Rule 1: Use commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet.

__C__ The contractor testified that the house was completed and that the work had been done properly.

__C__ Some people refuse to go to the zoo because of pity for creatures that must live in small cages.

__C__ Taxicabs that are dirty are illegal in some cities.

__5__ The closet contained worn clothes, old shoes, and dirty hats.

Rule 5: Use commas to separate three or more words, phrases, or clauses written in a series.

__C__ The uninvited guest wore a dark blue tweed suit.

__2__ After surviving this ordeal, the trapper felt relieved.

Rule 2: Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

__3__ Mark Twain's early novels, I believe, stand the test of time.

Rule 3: Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause.

__9__ December 7, 1941, will never be forgotten.

Rule 9: Use commas to separate all geographical names, items in dates (except between the month and day), addresses (except between the street number and name), and titles in names.

__7__ The field was safe enough, wasn't it?

Rule 7: Use a comma near the end of a sentence to separate contrasted coordinate elements or to indicate a distinct pause or shift.

__9__ Write the editor of the Atlantic, 8 Arlington Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02116.

Rule 9: Use commas to set off all geographical names, items in dates (except the month and day), addresses (except the street number and name), and titles in names.

__10_ He replied, "I have no idea what you mean."

Rule 10: Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation.

__2__ After a good washing and grooming, the pup looked like a new dog.

Rule 2: Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

__2__ Because of their opposition to institutions that force creatures to live in captivity, some people refuse to go to the zoo.

Rule 2: Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

__C__ Men who are bald are frequently the ones who are the most authoritative on the subject of baldness.

__3__ Vests, which were once popular, have been out of vogue for several years.

Rule 3: Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause.

__2__ As a celestial goddess, she regulated the course of the heavenly bodies and controlled the alternating seasons.

Rule 2: Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.

__C__ I hope that someday he will learn how to be polite.

Note: This page is formatted with an automatic page break between the exercise questions and answers.