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Answers for Sentence Exercises

This resource was written by Tony Cimasko.
Last edited by Allen Brizee on May 24, 2012 .

Summary:

This page contains the answers for the ESL exercises on sentences.

Conjunctions

1. The president failed to explain the cause of the crisis.  He did not offer any solutions.

The president failed to explain the cause of the crisis, nor did he offer any solutions.

2. Akira’s wife was due to give birth to their first child in the next several days.  He still worked overtime.

Akira’s wife was due to give birth to their first child in the next several days, but (or yet) he still worked overtime.

3. Rekha had an intense headache all morning.  She smiled and remained alert throughout the entire meeting.

Rekha had an intense headache all morning, yet (or but) she smiled and remained alert throughout the entire meeting.

4. The last storm to come through the area ripped some of the siding off George’s garage.  He visited the hardware store and invested in storm-proofing materials.

The last storm to come through the area ripped some of the siding off George’s garage, so he visited the hardware store and invested in storm-proofing materials.

5. Enrollment in the university has been dropping in recent years.  Its facilities have been lacking proper maintenance.

Enrollment in the university has been dropping in recent years, and its facilities have been lacking proper maintenance.

Coordination

1. Plans for renovating downtown into an upscale shopping center were finalized.  Discussions began on budgeting city funds for the project.

Plans for renovating downtown into an upscale shopping center were finalized; therefore (or consequently) discussions began on budgeting city funds for the project.

2. The nearest supermarket started to carry produce and spices that specifically matched the diets of many people in the community.  Shoppers continued to be lured to the big-box store out on the highway.

The nearest supermarket started to carry produce and spices that specifically matched the diets of many people in the community; nevertheless (or however), shoppers continued to be lured to the big-box store out on the highway.

3. The main office has cut our printing and copying budget.  We will need to rely more heavily on e-mail, Skype, and instant messaging.

The main office has cut our printing and copying budget; therefore (or consequently), we will need to rely more heavily on e-mail, Skype, and instant messaging.

4. The professor suspected that the student was plagiarizing on the final paper.  The student may have been plagiarizing since the beginning of the semester.

The professor suspected that the student was plagiarizing on the final paper; in fact (or indeed), the student may have been plagiarizing since the beginning of the semester.

5. Please respond to this e-mail at your earliest convenience, so that I can get started here.  Include your notes as an attachment.

Please respond to this e-mail at your earliest convenience, so that I can get started here; furthermore (or in addition or moreover), include your notes as an attachment.

Subordination

1. I had to hand the project over to Max.  You didn’t respond to any of my e-mails.

I had to hand the project over to Max, because you didn’t respond to any of my e-mails.  (Also, “Since you didn’t respond to any of my e-mails, I had to hand the project over to Max.”)

2. Another candidate with more qualifications applies in the next forty-eight hours.  You should get the position without any difficulties.

If (or Unless) another candidate with more qualifications applies in the next forty-eight hours, you should get the position without any difficulties.

3. Viktor had prepared and practiced for the presentation thoroughly.  The projector died and the presentation was not successful.

Although (or Even though) Viktor had prepared and practiced for the presentation thoroughly, the projector died and the presentation was not successful.

4. Keep calling our customers from last year.  You make your sales quota.

5. You keep calling our customers from last year.  You make your sales quota.

If you keep calling our customers from last year, you will make your sales quota.

6. The instructor copies his lesson directly from the textbook.  The students lose interest and doze off.

Whenever the instructor copies his lesson directly from the textbook, the students lose interest and doze off

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