Unlike the conjunction and coordination examples above, subordination changes one of the two sentences so that it becomes dependent upon the other sentence—it is subordinated to the other sentence. Unlike the conjunctions and coordinators above, subordination words and clauses do not always go between sentences.
after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, for, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, while
Example: More students at the college are biking, walking, or carpooling. The price of gasoline is continuing to rise.
Revision 1: More students at the college are biking, walking, or carpooling because the price of gasoline is continuing to rise.
Revision 2: Because the price of gasoline is continuing to rise, more students at the college are biking, walking, or carpooling.
Combining Sentences Exercise
Use the material in the combining sentences pages to revise the sentences below.
1. The president failed to explain the cause of the crisis. He did not offer any solutions.
2. Akira’s wife was due to give birth to their first child in the next several days. He still worked overtime.
3. Rekha had an intense headache all morning. She smiled and remained alert throughout the entire meeting.
4. The last storm to come through the area ripped some of the siding off George’s garage. He visited the hardware store and invested in storm-proofing materials.
5. Enrollment in the university has been dropping in recent years. Its facilites have been lacking proper maintenance.
1. Plans for renovating downtown into an upscale shopping center were finalized. Discussions began on budgeting city funds for the project.
2. The nearest supermarket started to carry produce and spices that specifically matched the diets of many people in the community. Shoppers continued to be lured to the big-box store out on the highway.
3. The main office has cut our printing and copying budget. We will need to rely more heavily on e-mail, Skype, and instant messaging.
4. The professor suspected that the student was plagiarizing on the final paper. The student may have been plagiarizing since the beginning of the semester.
5. Please respond to this e-mail at your earliest convenience, so that I can get started here. Include your notes as an attachment.
1. I had to hand the project over to Max. You didn’t respond to any of my e-mails.
2. Another candidate with more qualifications applies in the next forty-eight hours. You should get the position without any difficulties.
3. Viktor had prepared and practiced for the presentation thoroughly. The projector died and the presentation was not successful.
4. Keep calling our customers from last year. You make your sales quota.
5. The instructor copies his lesson directly from the textbook. The students lose interest and doze off.
Click here for exercise answers.
Suggested OWL Resources