Exercise Answers for Part 1, Lesson 3
Answers to Exercises
Subject-Verb Agreement Exercise
The correct verb is in italics.
1. Annie and her brothers are at school.
2. Either my mother or my father is coming to the meeting.
3. The dog or the cats are outside.
4. Either my shoes or your coat is always on the floor.
5. George and Tamara don't want to see that movie.
6. Benito doesn't know the answer.
7. One of my sisters is going on a trip to France.
8. The man with all the birds lives on my street.
9. The movie, including all the previews, takes about two hours to watch.
10. The players, as well as the captain, want to win.
11. Either answer is acceptable.
12. Every one of those books is fiction.
13. Nobody knows the trouble I've seen.
14. Is the news on at five or six?
15. Mathematics is John's favorite subject, while Civics is Andrea's favorite subject.
16. Eight dollars is the price of a movie these days.
17. Are the tweezers in this drawer?
18. Your pants are at the cleaner's.
19. There were fifteen candies in that bag. Now there is only one left!
20. The committee debates these questions carefully.
21. The committee lead very different lives in private.
22. The prime minister, together with his wife, greets the press cordially.
23. All of the CDs, even the scratched one, are in this case.
Verb Tense Exercise 1
In most cases with an inappropriate shift below, there is more than one way to correct the inconsistency. Each suggested change is probably not the only correct one for the sentence. Correct responses are in bold, and incorrect responses are in italics.
_U_ 1. If the club limited its membership, it will have to raise its dues. (change will to would)
_U_ 2. As Barbara puts in her contact lenses, the telephone rang. (change puts to put)
_S_ 3. Thousands of people will see the art exhibit by the time it closes.
_U_ 4. By the time negotiations began, many pessimists have expressed doubt about them. (change have to had)
_U_ 5. After Capt. James Cook visited Alaska on his third voyage, he is killed by Hawaiian islanders in 1779. (change is to was)
_U_ 6. I was terribly disappointed with my grade because I studied very hard. (change studied to had studied)
_S_ 7. The moderator asks for questions as soon as the speaker has finished. (asks as habitual action; will ask is also possible)
_U_ 8. Everyone hopes the plan would work. (change hopes to hoped)
_S_ 9. Harry wants to show his friends the photos he took last summer.
_S_ 10. Scientists predict that the sun will die in the distant future.
_U_ 11. The boy insisted that he has paid for the candy bars. (change has to had)
_U_ 12. The doctor suggested bed rest for the patient, who suffers from a bad cold. (change suffers to was suffering)
Verb Tense Exercise 2
The verbs in bold in the following passage are each in the correct tense.
In Banjuh, the capital of Gambia, I met with a group of Gambians. They told me how for centuries the history of Africa has been preserved. In the older villages of the back country, there are old men called griots, who are in effect living archives. Such men memorize and, on special occasions, recite the cumulative histories of clans or families or villages as those histories have long been told. Since my forefather had said his name was Kin-tay (properly spelled Kinte), and since the Kinte clan was known in Gambia, the group of Gambians would see what they could do to help me. I was back in New York when a registered letter arrived from Gambia.
Word had been passed in the back country, and a griot of the Kinte clan had, indeed, been found. His name, the letter said, was Kebba Kanga Fofana. I returned to Gambia and organized a safari to locate him.
Pronoun Exercise 1
The answers are below.
- It is an object pronoun that replaces coffee mug.
- His is a possessive pronoun that replaces Henry. He is a subject pronoun that replaces Henry. Mine is a possessive pronoun that replaces my coffee mug (the “my” is implied).
- It is a subject pronoun that replaces Starbucks.
Pronoun Exercise 2
The original sentence is in italics. An explanation of the error and revision follow.
My mother gave ten dollars to my sister and I. Problem: “My sister and I” is an object, not a subject. So, the appropriate pronoun is me (object pronoun), not I (subject pronoun). Revision: My mother gave ten dollars to my sister and me.
Him and Mitch went to the video store to pick a movie. Problem: “Him and Mitch” is the subject. So, the appropriate pronoun is he (subject pronoun), not him (possessive pronoun). Revision: He and Mitch went to the video store to pick a movie.
Anyone running in the marathon should remember to bring their shoes. Problem: “Anyone” is a singular noun, but “their” is a plural pronoun. So, they don’t match in number. Revision: Anyone running in the marathon should remember to bring his or her shoes. –or—Runners in the marathon should remember to bring their shoes.